This year, May 8th is Jerusalem Day in Israel. This minor national holiday there commemorates the reunification of Jerusalem and the establishment of Israeli control over the Old City, in June of 1967.
When Israel declared its statehood in 1948, in accord with the UN Partition Plan, it immediately was attacked by six of its Arab neighbors. Jordan took control of east Jerusalem and the Old City, and after months of fighting, a cease fire was established before the Jews could dislodge the Jordanians. The Jewish residents were forced out, while the occupying Jordanians demolished 58 synagogues and denigrated the Jewish cemetery on the Mount of Olives.
This state of affairs changed in 1967, as a result of the Six-Day War, where Israel again defended its citizens and captured the Old City of Jerusalem, liberating the ancient Temple Mount and Western Wall. Jerusalem Day celebrates this historic reunification!
See this helpful video: The Israeli Palestinian Conflict: 10 Myths Preventing Peace